Will UN Security Council undergo changes?

Will UN Security Council undergo changes?

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called on to carry out reforms in the Security Council and international financial institutions.

"If you look at the UN for instance, there is a clear lack of confidence in the Security Council today and clear perception that the Security Council no longer corresponds to the logic of today’s world in relation to what the world was after the Second World War, when the Security Council was built," Guterres said the World Government Summit in Dubai.

Many international organizations lack the efficiency to respond effectively to the global financial crisis, the UN Secretary-General believes.

"There is a need also for deep reforms in global institutions.  Reforms in all aspects of what we do," he noted, stressing that it's time for reforms in the UN development system.

The member of the Federation Council Committee for International Affairs, Igor Morozov, speaking to Vestnik Kavkaza, stressed that there is no need to reform the UN Security Council. "The UN Security Council, its structure, objectives and the veto right meet all the necessary standards of international law, and the world order that emerged after the Second World War. The Security Council has repeatedly shown that the system of checks and balances is able to prevent military interventions and support for terrorist organizations in different regions of the world. I believe that today the veto right of Russia and China provides an opportunity to develop a multipolar world and avoid advancing of the US strategy for global supremacy," he explained.

The senator also drew attention to the absence of mechanisms of reforming the UN Security Council. "There is no such procedure as changing the status of permanent members of the SC, since all the relevant provisions were prescribed after the Second World War, when it was necessary to create a new international body to preserve peace. Therefore, I do not think that such a formulation will be created to change the status of permanent members of the UN Security Council in the foreseeable future," Igor Morozov pointed out.

The Director of the Institute of Strategic Planning and Forecasting, Professor Alexander Gusev, recalled that the talk about the need to reform the UN has began in 1992, when the socialist system was abolished. and the Soviet Union collapsed. "When Bill Clinton was president of the US, he proposed to expand the Security Council, including such countries as Japan, Germany and even South Africa," the expert said.

According to him, Russia has always opposed reforming of the international organization. "All our diplomats and government officials have stated that the changes in the United Nations should be approached very carefully, as everything has already formed in a more or less normal way since the founding of the organization. So I think that as long as there is no consensus among the permanent members of the Security Council UN, it is difficult to talk about the reform," the Director of the Institute of Strategic Planning and Forecasting noted.

Gusev explained that, when it comes to reforming the UN, there are two main points: an increase in the permanent members of the UN Security Council and the elimination of the veto of the Security Council. However, the expert added that perhaps the statement of Guterres was due primarily to the fact that he literally just took office, and everyone expects to hear his program.

He pointed out that the permanent members of the Security Council, such as the US and UK, are interested in neither in the expansion of its composition, nor in the elimination of the veto.