Baku. Palace of Shirvanshahs

By Vestnik Kavkaza
Baku. Palace of Shirvanshahs

At the highest point of the ancient part of Baku - the Old City - one of the most remarkable monuments of Azerbaijani architecture is located - the Palace of the Shirvanshahs (the Shirvan rulers). This ensemble has long attracted attention of researchers. The most common view is that the palace was built in the 15th century after the rulers of Shirvan moved the capital from Shemakha to Baku. The palace complex includes the building where the Shirvanshahs lived, Divankhana, the shrine of the court scientist of the 15th century, Seid Yahya Bakuvi, whose scientific works are represented in the libraries and museums of the world, the ‘Oriental’ portal, the mosque with unique architectural ornaments built in 1411, the tomb of The Shah's family, the ancient court bathhouse, built in accordance with the peculiarities of the eastern architecture, the underground water barn with crystal water, which has 34 steps, the Shah reservoir.